Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH)
BPH is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate. This occurs when healthy prostate cells multiply, and usually occurs in the center of the gland, compressing the urethra and leading to difficulty in urination. The new cells tend to have more muscle and fibrous tissue in proportion to healthy prostate cells.
While many men experience some degree of prostate enlargement as they age, it is not inevitable, and lifestyle has been found to be a major factor in higher, debilitating levels of BPH. Prostatitis
Prostatitis is a class of prostate conditions all associated with inflammation of the prostate. Sometimes, the inflammation is caused by a bacterial infection. Much of the time, however, the cause of prostatits is not known and the condition is often hard to treat. Medical research is currently underway to investigate new treatments for prostatitis. Prostatitis most often occurs in men 25-45 years of age, and is a common urological diagnosis in this population.
Prostatitis is classified into several main types:
- Acute bacterial prostatitis is marked by a sudden infection of the prostate gland, often caused by a bacterial infection. Symptoms may include fever and chills, pain in lower back or rectum, and/or urinary difficulty.
- Chronic bacterial prostatitis is diagnosed when the prostate gets inflamed repeatedly over time. Symptoms may be similar but milder than acute prostatitis, and can last longer.
- Nonbacterial prostatitis is diagnosed when inflammation of the prostate for which the cause of the inflammation cannot be found. Most prostatitis diagnosed is non-bacterial. Medical treatment can address symptoms of nonbacterial prostatitis only.
Prostate Cancer, like other cancers, is marked by rapid, uncontrolled growth of irregular cells. Prostate Cancer frequency increases with age, but is not inevitable. It is the most common cancer in U.S. men, and the second cause of cancer deaths in men. Many of these deaths are associated with very late diagnosis and treatment. Prostate cancer tends to begin in the outer portion of the prostate. Sexually Transmitted Infections
Some sexually transmitted infections affect the urethra. These include but are not limited to gonorrhea, chlamydia and fungal infections. The urethra runs directly through the prostate, so chronic infections of the urethra can be dangerous to prostate health. Chronic urethral infections can also create scar tissue in the urethra, making urination painful or difficult. Many STIs are treatable, so it is advisable to seek immediate assistance if you suspect a urinary tract infection or a sexually transmitted infection.